The likelihood of developing either coronary artery disease or a stroke/TIA over the next 10 years is represented by the number of shaded figures. The heads of the figures represent the likelihood of developing a stroke/TIA while the bodies represent the likelihood of developing coronary artery disease. The estimated 10-year outcomes for 100 people with your risk factors are shown.

  • Icon to represent No risk of coronary heart disease - No coronary heart disease.

    No coronary heart disease.

  • Icon to represent No risk of stroke or TIA - No stroke or TIA.

    No stroke or TIA.

  • Icon to represent no data is available for adverse events Adverse event data is not available for this intervention.

    Adverse event data is not available for this intervention.

  • Icon to represent possible coronary heart - Possible coronary heart disease.

    Possible coronary heart disease. There is a degree of uncertainty associated with the clinical trial data.

  • Icon to represent possible stroke or TIA - Possible stroke or TIA.

    Possible stroke or TIA. There is a degree of uncertainty associated with the clinical trial data.

  • Icon to represent possible adverse events - Possible adverse events.

    Possible adverse events. There is a degree of uncertainty associated with the clinical trial data.

  • Icon to represent coronary heart disease - Coronary heart disease.

    Coronary heart disease.

  • Icon to represent stroke or TIA - Stroke or TIA.

    Stroke or TIA.

  • Icon to represent adverse events that caused study participant to stop treatment - Adverse events.

    Adverse events.

Legend

Current Risk Estimate

    Your current risk estimate of developing CORONARY HEART DISEASE over the next 10 years.
    Your current risk estimate of having a STROKE or TIA over the next 10 years.
    Your estimated cardiovascular age is years
    Clock icon Your current risk estimates are based on study data collected over 12 years of follow-up. [6]

    Recommendations

    Canadian guidelines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease suggest you can take the following measures to reduce your risk [1] [2] [3]:

    • Exercise for 30 to 60 minutes most (preferably all) days of the week;
    • Maintain a healthy body weight (BMI 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2);
    • Limit alcohol consumption to two drinks or less per day, not to exceed standard drinks per week;
    • Chose a diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, fibre, whole grains, and protein from sources low in saturated fat;
    • Restrict dietary sodium intake to 1200mg a day; and
    • Reduce psychological stress
    • Stop smoking.

    Interventions to Modify Your Risk


    Blood Pressure Medication

    Treatment of mild hypertension (BP 140/90 - 159/99)
    Treatment of hypertension (SBP > 160 in patients > 60 years of old)
    First-line low-dose thiazide diuretics
    First-line high-dose thiazide diuretics
    First-line beta-blockers
    First-line ACE inhibitors
    First-line calcium channel blockers
    Treatment of hypertension to target BP < 135/85 vs. 140-160/90-

    Cholesterol Lowering Medication

    Cholesterol lowering medication: statins

    Anti-Platelet Medication

    Antiplatelet medication: ASA

    Lifestyle Changes

    Smoking cessation

    Modified Risk Estimate


      Your modified risk estimate of developing CORONARY HEART DISEASE over the next 10 years if you .


      Your modified risk estimate of having a STROKE or TIA over the next 10 years if you .


      Clock icon

      [7]